Tag Archives: counterculture revolution

Summer of Love (June 10 – October 6, 1967): Uranus-Pluto Conjunction Counterculture Revolution 1962-1972

Summer of Love 50th Anniversary

The Summer of Love was a cultural and sociological phenomenon that occurred in the San Francisco Bay Area from June through early October of 1967. The prelude to the Summer of Love was a celebration known as the Human Be-In at Golden Gate Park on January 14, 1967 to promote a peaceful celebration of personal empowerment, cultural and political decentralization, communal living, ecological awareness, higher consciousness, and liberal activism.

human-be-in-1967-chart
Chart for the Human Be-In Event on January 14, 1967

The First Summer of Love Music Festival

While the highly documented Monterey International Pop Festival continues to be remembered by most historians of the ’60s Counter Culture Revolution as the first of a series of San Francisco area cultural events known as the Summer of Love, the Fantasy Fair and Magic Mountain Music Festival took place one week before Monterey, and is considered to have been America’s first rock festival.

Fantasy Fair and Magic Mountain Music Festival

The Fantasy Fair and Magic Mountain Music Festival was held June 10th and 11th, 1967 at the 4,000-seat Sidney B. Cushing Memorial Amphitheater high on the south face of Mount Tamalpais in Marin County, California. At least 36,000 people attended the two-day concert and fair. The festival represented a sea of change in musical preferences among the emerging Baby Boomer generation that was coming of age in the San Francisco Bay Area as the hippie culture fully arose in mid-1967.

Cover of the sixth issue February 1967
Cover of the sixth issue of “The Oracle”, February 1967

The event was announced by the Haight-Ashbury’s underground hippie newspaper, The San Francisco Oracle:

“A new concept of celebrations beneath the human underground must emerge, become conscious, and be shared, so a revolution can be formed with a renaissance of compassion, awareness, and love, and the revelation of unity for all mankind.”

Summer of Love Event Horoscope

Summer of Love - Fantasy Fair and Magic Mountain Music Festival.jpg

The Uranus-Pluto Alignment

The predominate outer planetary configuration in the Fantasy Fair event horoscope is the Uranus-Pluto alignment. The general tenor of Uranus-Pluto cycle is revolution – the Dionysian (Pluto) impulse for revolutionary empowerment of the masses, and the Promethean (Uranus) thrust for radical change and innovative reform for the establishment of a new social order. Scholar, author, and cultural historian Richard Tarnas has stated that periods during Uranus-Pluto alignments have correlated with “widespread radical and political social change and often destructive upheaval, massive empowerment of revolutionary and rebellious impulses, and intensified artistic and intellectual creativity.”  (pp. 143-144, Cosmos & Psyche).

A Libertine Subculture Phenomenon

The stellium of planets in the 12th House of the Fantasy Fair event horoscope signifies the social spectacle of the Summer Love was essentially a libertine subculture phenomenon of the hippie counter-culture that held social egalitarian beliefs and rejected consumerist values, with artistic (music, painting, poetry) and religious (Eastern mysticism and meditative practices) interests that was at variance with the larger middle-class parent culture of America.

Something Higher

The Moon-Uranus-Pluto-Neptune configuration in the horoscope encouraged the exploration of connecting to something higher than themselves through the use of psychedelic drugs and the embracing of Eastern philosophy, Western mysticism, and New Age spiritual concepts the essentially that defined the Hippie counterculture movement that inspired thousands of young people from all over the world to travel to San Francisco during the Summer of Love.

The Grand Idea of Love

The Venus-Jupiter in the Fantasy Fair event horoscope symbolizes the grand idea of love and augurs a mood of optimism, generosity that inspired, pleasant social interaction, beauty, love, artistic expression, cultural celebration, and indulgent festivity.

Light My Fire

Fantasy Fair was also The Doors’ first large show and happened during the rise of the group’s first major hit, “Light My Fire”, to the top of the charts and that launched them to stardom.

The Venus-Jupiter conjunction in the fire sign of Leo in the 12th House, galvanized and popularized hippie culture through “Light My Fire” that became one of the signature songs during the Summer of Love, that exemplified the Utopian dream of coming to a place where one can indulge and experience more in life beyond the ordinary grind of reaching out to others turning them on to “turn on, tune in, drop out”, personal experimentation, communal living, and abandoning their education or jobs for a summer of sex, drugs, and rock n’ roll.

The Doors on the main stage at the Fantasy Fair and Magic Mountain Music Festival
The Doors on the main stage at the Fantasy Fair and Magic Mountain Music Festival
San Francisco Wear Some Flowers in Your Hair
San Francisco “Wear Some Flowers in Your Hair” – Scott McKenzie

Released nearly month prior to the Summer of Love on May 13, 1967, the song “San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)” written by musician John Phillips of the band The Mamas & the Papas served to promote both the upcoming Monterey Pop Festival (June 16, 1967) and to popularize the flower children of San Francisco. By the week ending July 1, 1967, it scored number four on the Billboard Hot 100 in the United States, where it remained for four consecutive weeks.

Summer of Love Music 1967.jpg
Summer of Love Music 1967

Hippie Movement and Flower Power

The Fantasy Fair natal Sun is conjuncts the AS/MC midpoint of the event horoscope and squares the Uranus-Pluto conjunction. These mundane testimonies signify both the popularization of hippie life in the Haight Ashbury district of San Francisco due to growing mainstream media coverage, that drew the attention of youth from all over America and the peak of “Flower Power.” A movement of passive resistance to the establishment and non-violence ideology that was rooted in the opposition movement of the deployment of U.S. soldiers in Vietnam.

Flower Power
Flower Power

Psychedelic Drugs – Exploration, Expression, Existence

The Uranus-Pluto conjunction in close sextile to the Neptune correlates with the mass consumption and recreational use of psychedelic drugs such as LSD for a psychedelic experience (a temporary Holotropic state of consciousness) for personal development, mind revealing self-discovery, and religious & mystical revelations. Psychologist Stanislav Grof described the LSD experience as: “complex revelatory insights into the nature of existence… typically accompanied by a sense of certainty that this knowledge is ultimately more relevant and ‘real’ than the perceptions and beliefs we share in everyday life.”

LSD Blotter Tabs
LSD Blotter Tabs

Psychedelic drug use became commonplace during the Summer of Love in the Haight Ashbury district of San Francisco as Grateful Dead guitarist Bob Weir commented:

“Haight Ashbury was a ghetto of bohemians who wanted to do anything—and we did but I don’t think it has happened since. Yes, there was LSD. But Haight Ashbury was not about drugs. It was about exploration, finding new ways of expression, being aware of one’s existence.”

The Hippie Code

On July 7, 1967, Time magazine featured a cover story entitled, “The Hippies: The Philosophy of a Subculture.” The article described the guidelines of the hippie code:

“Do your own thing, wherever you have to do it and whenever you want. Drop out. Leave society as you have known it. Leave it utterly. Blow the mind of every straight person you can reach. Turn them on, if not to drugs, then to beauty, love, honesty, fun.”

July 7 1967 Time Magazine Issue

Summer of Love Funeral and Aftermath

Death of the Hippie FuneralAfter many young people left at the end of summer to resume their college studies, those remaining in the Haight wanted to commemorate the conclusion of the event. A mock funeral entitled “The Death of the Hippie” ceremony was staged on October 6, 1967 at sunrise, and organizer Mary Kasper explained the intended message:

“We wanted to signal that this was the end of it, to stay where you are, bring the revolution to where you live and don’t come here because it’s over and done with.”

It is estimated that around 100,000 people traveled to San Francisco in the summer of 1967.

Death of the Hippie Funeral Horoscope
Death of the Hippie Funeral Horoscope

The Aftermath of the Summer of Love

Shortly after, the rock musical drama Hair, a product of the hippie counterculture and sexual revolution of the 1960s, which told the story of a group of politically active, long-haired hippies of the “Age of Aquarius” living a bohemian life in New York City and fighting against the draft into the Vietnam War, began its Off-Broadway premiere on October 17, 1967 at the Joseph Papp Public Theater in New York City’s East Village.

HAIR.jpg
Poster for the original Off-Broadway production of “Hair”

The Human Be-In Event of 1967: Uranus-Pluto Conjunction Counterculture Revolution 1962-1972

human-be-in-1967-photo
Human Be-In Event in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park Polo Field on January 14, 1967
Gavin Arthur
Gavin Arthur

Gavin Arthur was the great-grandson of U.S. President Chester Arthur. At the age of 19 Arthur read Eduard Schure’s The Great Initiates (1912) which set him on the occult path, with astrology being his main course of study. In the 1950s a Jungian psychologist asked Arthur to cast her patients’ horoscopes to help her analysis with her practice. Arthur, being a counselor at the San Quentin Prison, like Carl Jung, began to include astrology in his counseling work. Arthur became a major force in the Haight-Ashbury Counterculture scene in San Francisco by the early ’60s, whose big success was the prediction of President Kennedy’s assassination before he was elected President, along with popularizing the dawning of the Age of Aquarius which he believed would arrive in 2260. Gavin believed that the planet entered a new age of consciousness in 1940 and the Uranus-Pluto alignments (1962 – 1972) in the mid-sixties would usher in a “cosmic consciousness” that would accelerate the general spiritual evolution of the planet.

Chart for the Human Be-In Event on January 14, 1967
Chart for the Human Be-In Event on January 14, 1967

Starting A Peaceful Celebration

Gavin Arthur advised the San Francisco Oracle that the planetary alignments on January 14th, 1967 at 1:00 PM PST at Golden Gate Park’s Polo Field would the most propitious date and place starting to promote a peaceful celebration that would communicate and celebrate personal empowerment, cultural and political decentralization, communal living, ecological awareness, higher consciousness, the use of entheogens to induce spiritual awareness and transcendence, and radical liberal political consciousness. The Human Be-In was announced on the cover of the fifth issue of the San Francisco Oracle as “A Gathering of the Tribes for a Human Be-In”. The Human Be-In was announced on the cover of the fifth issue of the San Francisco Oracle as “A Gathering of the Tribes for a Human Be-In”.

Poster: Gathering of the Tribes
Gathering of the Tribes for a Human Be-In

Turn On, Tune In, and Drop Out

The event included Timothy Leary in his first San Francisco appearance, who set the tone that afternoon with his famous phrase “Turn on, tune in, drop out”, and Richard Alpert (soon to be known as “Ram Dass”), and poets like Allen Ginsberg, who chanted mantras, Gary Snyder and Michael McClure. Other counterculture gurus included comedian Dick Gregory, Lenore Kandel, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, and Jerry Rubin. The Hell’s Angels, at the peak of their “outlaw” reputation, corralled lost children. Music for the event was provided by a host of local rock groups including Jefferson Airplane, The Grateful Dead, Big Brother and the Holding Company, and Quicksilver Messenger Service, who had been staples of San Francisco’s The Fillmore and the Avalon Ballroom since February 1966. Also, “Underground Chemist” Owsley Stanley provided massive amounts of his “White Lightning” LSD, specially produced for the event, as well as 75 twenty-pound turkeys, for free distribution by the Diggers.

Poster for the Human Be-In
Poster for the Human Be-In

-Ins: Nonviolent Protests

The mainstream media were stunned by the event as over 30,000 young people from all over America descended on the Haight-Ashbury area and showed up at the Be-In. Soon after every gathering was an “-In” of some kind. Just four weeks later was Bob Fass’s Human Fly-In at JFK Airport in New York, then Emmett Grogan of the Diggers inspired Sweep-In in the Lower East of Manhattan. This was followed by Rowan and Martin’s Laugh-In comedy television show began airing on NBC just a year later on January 22, 1968. This was followed by the first Yip-In (on March 21, 1968 at Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan, New York); the Love-In (a public gathering focused on meditation, love, music, sex and/or use of psychedelic drugs on April 14, 1968 at Malibu Canyon in Central Los Angeles, California); and the famous two-week Bed-In (starting March 25, 1969 at the Hilton Hotel in Amsterdam) hosted by founding Beatle John Lennon and his wife Yoko Ono — gatherings intended to be non-violent protests against wars, and experimental tests of new ways to promote peace.

bed-in_keystonehulton-archivegetty
John Lennon and Yoko Ono on the first day of their two-week Bed-In in Amsterdam on March 25, 1969

Counterculture Surfaces, The Summer of Love Begins

The counterculture that surfaced at the Human Be-In galvanized an anti-authoritarian movement which encouraged people to question traditional modes of authority, with regard to civil rights, women’s rights, consumer rights. The Human Be-In also help spur the alternative media movement that helped define the counterculture’s radical political opposition to “The Establishment” with the proliferation of underground newspapers and radio stations.

Read article: “The Summer of Love (June 10 – October 6, 1967)