Category Archives: Predictions-2013

Back to the Future: 2010 Radio Interview on the the Astrology of a Down Economy

Back in May 2010 I did an interview on Alan Steinfeld’s “New Realities” radio show in New York. The interview was about what the mundane astrological portents were indicating for the new decade of the Twenty-Tens.

New Realities

The basis of my forecast at that time was the formation of the the Cardinal T-Square alignment in mid-summer of 2010 when the slow-moving planets of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Pluto aligned into a T-Square configuration (when two or more planets in opposition make a square to a third planet).

TSquare 2010

Although there have been previous T-Squares involving these planets, e.g. that last one occurred in 1932, what makes this alignment historically significant is that it was exactly aligned along the World Points of the Cardinal signs. Planets located at these degrees express their archetypal power on the global stage with direct and unequivocal force, like a super volcano ready erupt.

The last time civilization witnessed a similar outer planetary alignment of this magnitude was in the summer of 410 A.D. which coincided with the collapse of the Western Roman Empire – the world’s first Superpower, when the Visigoths Sack Rome, which began a period of massive cultural, demographic and economic decline and disruption for approximately 400 years.

Sack of Rome Horoscope

Since 2010 we have continued to see an escalation and acceleration of social discontent, uprisings, large-scale protest, strikes, and skirmishes that have begun to unravel and threaten the peace between the great powers in several regions throughout the globe. For the Cardinal T-Square alignment not only represented the commencement of a global paradigm shift for civilization, but also the tangible intensification and acceleration of imminent environmental catastrophe and near-term exhaustion of natural resources from a rapidly growing global population of over 7 billion, and systems of economy that are not sustainable or tenable for the planet.

Since the summer of  2010, the world has been experiencing the raw archetypal power of the Cardinal T-Square alignment as it continues to express its waning effects as we witness the systemic collapse and breakdown “old world” oligarchical establishment and the nascent emergence of a “new world” establishment. This  radical configuration of civilization represents the passing away of a dying paradigm that has defined a better part of our civilization for the past 500 years, as a new one struggles to be born.

UrPL Graph

As we go into the Cardinal Square Alignment in Spring  2014, the global community will experience a second recapitulation of the collective archetypal power of titanic change pain, and crisis of the outer planetary alignment as they directly impact on the horoscopes of nation states, world leaders, global institutions, transnational corporations, who continue to maintain and enforce unsustainable and untenable systems.


If you listen to this interview keep in mind that what I discussed in regards to the global crisis and revolution to follow, was well before the 2010: Riots in Bangkok by the National United Front of Democracy Against Dictatorship, or the Second Kyrgyz Revolution  that lead to the ousting of President Kurmanbek Bakiyev, or the Greek protests against the Euro zone austerity measures, or the 2010–2013: Arab Spring which included the Tunisian revolution which forced President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali to resign and flee the country, and sets free elections, along with the 2011 Egyptian revolution which brought down the regime of President Hosni Mubarak, and the Libyan civil war where rebel forces gradually took control of the country, and killed Muammar Gaddafi, or the ongoing Syrian civil war, and the 2010–2012 Algerian protests, along with the Bahraini uprising, and the 2011 Iraqi protests, the 2011 Jordanian protests2011–2012 Moroccan protests, the 2011 Omani protests, the 2011 Yemeni revolution which lead to the eventual resignation of Ali Abdullah Saleh as President of Yemen, along with the 2011–2012 Iranian protests, the 2011–2013 Spanish protests, the 2011-2012 Maldives political crisis where public protests and police mutiny led to the resignation of President Mohammed Nasheed,  the 2012 Tuareg rebellion, along with Central African Republic conflict (2012–present)François Bozizé,  the president of the Central African Republic, who was  overthrown by the rebel coalition Seleka, led by Michel Djotodia. Also, the 2013 Eritrean Army mutiny, the 2013 protests in Turkey, the 2013 protests in Brazil, and of course the 2014 Venezuela protest movement, the 2014 Thailand protest, and the 2014 Ukrainian Revolt that is well underway.

Truth Embargo

Also I talked at length that the decade of the Twenty-Tens would be one where UFO Disclosure would begin to rapidly unfold. Since that public forecast in May of 2010, governments around the world have been quickly declassifying their dossiers on UFOs and made them available to the public.

In August 2010 the United Kingdom released files containing a wide range of UFO-related documents, drawings, letters and parliamentary questions covering the years 1995-2003. And during the same month Brazil declared a new law that made public the files of Brazilian Air Force that regulated access to government information about UFOs.

In September 2010  six courageous U.S. Air Force officers and one passionate UFO researcher assembled at the prestigious National Press Club in Washington, DC on September 27th who gave intriguing testimony of their personal involvement in a major UFO cover-up by the U.S. Military.  This was shortly followed in November, of the release of the US military investigating UFO landing in Rendlesham forest on 27th December 1980.

In December 2010 the New Zealand government released their top-secret files that included every eyewitness account of unidentified flying objects reported to authorities since the early 1950s, including the 1978 Kaikoura mystery.  By year’s end, December 31st, the Argentine Air Force created a commission to record and investigate reports of unidentified flying objects in the country’s airspace.

In 2011 – in late January the Directorate of Civil Aeronautics of Chile gave some videos and audio of UFO sightings on its territory. This was followed in March of the release of Britain’s X files, with more than 8,000 pages of reports of UFO sightings and international concerns over the possibility of a close encounter of the third kind. Soon after in early April in the United States a new initiative by the FBI called “The Vault” revealed unseen and INCREDIBLE documents about a UFO recovery and other cases.

In July of 2012, the United Kingdom Ministry of Defense released files that contain a wide range of UFO-related documents, drawings, letters and parliamentary questions covering the years 1985-2007. Soon after in August in Australia documents became available under the 30-year rule at the National Archives of Australia, that reveal how two RAAF Mirage jets were placed on the second highest level of alert to determine the cause of unidentified radar contacts seen on screens at Mascot.

Obama Telll The Truth about UFO

The Citizen Hearing on Disclosure from April 29 to May 3, 2013, occurred at the National Press Club, where U.S. Senator Mike Gravel and former Representatives Carolyn Cheeks KilpatrickRoscoe BartlettMerrill CookDarlene Hooley, and Lynn Woolsey were committee members of the hearing. The hearing and a documentary of the event to follow (working title: Truth Embargo) that summarized its findings, were intended to compel Congress and the United Nations open to open investigation.

In June 2013, in the United Kingdom UFO files were released by The National Archives containing a wide range of UFO-related documents, drawings, letters, and photos and parliamentary questions covering the final two years of the Ministry of Defense UFO Desk (from late 2007 until November 2009).

Below is an excerpt from the May 18th, 2010 interview, and many of the events I predicted back then, e.g. the Occupy Movement, geopolitical volatility, societal crisis, and global economic contraction, many of which are happening now.


William Stickevers on the Astrology of a Down Economy
(on “New Realities” radio show)
May 18, 2010


William Stickevers:  When the outer planets align at these degrees, they express their archetypal power on the global stage with direct and unequivocal force.  And what really makes this Cardinal T-Square configuration historically significant is that the last time civilization witnessed a similar outer planetary alignment of this type was in 410 AD… in June 410 AD, it coincided with the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, the world’s first global superpower and was followed by a period of massive cultural, demographic, and economic decline and destruction that continued for 400 years unabated.  We are now entering that same configuration and it’s going to affect the world over as we are seeing now.

What I can specifically do with the technology that I have, the software that I employ, is I can take that configuration, run it against every chart of every nation, every company, every person in my database, every U.S. state, every municipal entity.  And I can see which ones are going to be hit hardest with varying degrees of intensity and then make certain projective speculations on what the future is going to bring.

Alan Steinfeld:  Wait, I thought we were heading into a whole new age of enlightenment and upliftment and joy and beauty – you’re saying that’s not going to happen?

WS:  Well, what I’m saying is that for this decade, that is not going to happen.  Between 2010 and 2020 will be arguably one of the most historically crisis-driven decades.  Because what’s happening now as you can see, with the arrival of the Cardinal T-Square, we can expect – starting 2010 to 2020 – one crisis seemingly begetting another, and the time span between each crisis getting shorter and shorter where the global economy and geopolitical relations will be on a turbulent and perilous course.  Because anything now, any structure that is in place that is unsustainable and untenable will not last.

AS:  Okay, so what about 2012?  Everyone wants to know.  That is not going to be a great awakening?

WS:  No – Yes – well, yes and no.  What you will see is a global revolution.  I believe that 2010 will be the shot across the bow in the beginning of a global revolution that will result in a global awakening, a higher shifting of consciousness.  But at the same time, Alan, there will be a counter-revolutionary force, just as powerful, colliding with that awakening group.  And when that awakening occurs I do not believe it’s going to be going back to “flower power,” going back to your local community in such an easy, graceful way.  The powers-that-be are going to try and lock down exactly the type of system they have created for us now, in economic indentured servitism.  And I think we are going to see this clash.  It begins this summer.

AS:  Okay, wait, but the “clash” between the higher powers and the lower powers begins?

WS:  No, it’s a clash between the powers-that-be and the disenfranchised, demoralized group of people who are coming to awakening that the government, the civilization that they have invested into over the period of decades is no longer interested in providing for them.  They feel abandoned, demoralized, left out.  And that group of people, by the way, are well-educated, formerly middle-class Americans, Europeans, Asians, who now under this crisis feel that they are at a turning point.  So I believe that what’s happening here is that there is an awakening going on – many people are leaving their churches, the many things that they counted on to get them through the day are no longer available.  So I believe there is this big shift going on.  You’re going to see it in the metaphysical communities; people are going to go back into metaphysics.  You’re going to see very much what happened in the ‘60s happen in a much bigger way because of the power of the internet and its ability to organize and its ability to virtually empower people.  So I believe the American public will split and take sides between those who refuse to yield to change and those who demand it.

Yes, it’s going to be an empowering time for many, many people.  This is not going to be a graceful transition as talked about in these metaphysical, new age books written in 1980.


Time Line Of Major Events Since May of  2010

Time Line of Major Events of 2011

Time Line of Major Events of 2012

Time Line of Major Events of 2013

Petrus Romanus: The Catholic Prophecy The Vatican Doesn’t Want You To Know

Petrus Romanus
According to Catholic doctrine, the Catholic Church was founded by Yeshua Ben Yosef -Jesus of Nazareth, a Jewish teacher from Galilee in Roman Judea, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of a virgin, baptized by Yohanan ha-mmarbil – John the Baptist, performed miracles, was crucified on the orders of the Roman Prefect, Pontius Pilate and rose from the dead and ascended into heaven . The New Testament records Jesus’ activities and teaching, his appointment of the twelve Apostles, and his instructions to them to continue his work. The Catholic Church also teaches that the coming of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles, in an event known as Pentecost, which signaled the beginning of the public ministry of the Church.  Simon Bar-Jonah – Peter Apostle of Jesus, is considered to be Rome’s first bishop and the consecrator of Linus as its next bishop, thus starting the line which includes the most current pontiff, Pope Francis.


On March 13th 2013 at 7:06 pm (CNN) the Vatican conclave in Rome elected Jorge Mario Bergoglio, the archbishop of Buenos Aires, Francis to be the 266th Pope (the first pope born outside Europe in 1,282 years). According to the Catholic Prophecy of the Popes by Saint Malachy, a 12th‑century Archbishop of Armagh, Ireland, states that during the reign of  266th Pope, he would deal with many tribulations, including the destruction of Rome.  Saint Malachy’s vision of world-wide tribulations and the destruction of Rome correlates well with the Book of Revelation, Chapter 17, which refers to a “great harlot that sits on many waters” that has been interpreted as the Roman church gone apostate (abandoning its faith).  According to researcher and writer John Hogue, Saint Malachy was on a pilgrimage in Rome in 1139 and while situated on a hill at sunset, he “went into an ecstatic trance and experienced a vision of future popes; his serving monks around him put out candles and paper and started writing down…his revelations of 2 or 3 word Latin mottoes.”


The result was a prophetic list of the succession of the Papacy with mottos representing the name or heraldry of the next 112 Popes, that was handed to Pope Celestine II.  The prophetic manuscript was then deposited in the Vatican Secret Archives, and forgotten about until its rediscovery in 1590.

Final part of the prophecies in Lignum Vitæ (1595), p. 311.
Final part of the prophecies in Lignum Vitæ (1595), p. 311.

According to approved Catholic prophecy shortly after the election of the 266th Pope – Petrus Romanus  (Peter the Roman), there will be several stages leading up to the Apocalypse, including a time of miracles, with mass healings, divine apparitions, and signs in the heavens that will followed by great tribulations that will shock the world.  For Saint Malachy’s prophecy for the 266th Pope states:

In the final persecution of the Holy Roman Church, there will sit, as bishop, Peter the Roman, who will pasture his sheep in many tribulations, and when these things are finished, the city of seven hills of Rome that will be destroyed, and the dreadful judge will judge his people. The End

Source:  O’Brien 1880, p. 83; Bander 1969, p. 96.

In order to determine if there is any relevant mundane astrological correlation of Saint Malachy’s Papal prophecy we will need to determine the horoscope of the Catholic Church by reviewing the biblical narrative of Pentecost -described by Christians today as the “Birthday of the Church,” where the 11 Disciples of Christ (Acts 1:13, 26), along with about 109 other individuals (Acts 1:15), including many women, among whom was Mary the mother of Jesus (Acts 1:14), received the Baptism in the Holy Spirit in the Upper Room, of Cenacle in Jerusalem.

Jerusalem_Cenacle_BW_5The Cenacle on Mount Zion, claimed to be the location of the Last Supper and Pentecost. Bargil Pixner[7] claims the original Church of the Apostles is located under the current structure.

Pentecost is the old Greek name for the Jewish harvest festival in the calendar of ancient Israel celebrating the giving of the Law on Sinai. This feast is still celebrated today as Shavuot. Now based on the apostle John’s (John 19:31) account, Jesus was taken by the high priests and soldiers, judged, beaten, humiliated,  and crucified, before the Passover feast’s “high day” (on the Sabbath when the Passover lambs were being slaughtered), on Nissan 14 on April 1st, 33 AD at approximately 3:00 pm LMT in Jerusalem.

Crucifixion and Death

This date is confirmed by astronomical calculations that show that the date of the crucifixion, derived from calculating the dates when the crescent (waxing) of the New Moon would be first visible from Jerusalem, which marked by Jews as the first day of a lunar month  to be April 2, 33 AD.  This is also confirmed from the time Jesus began his three year public ministry shortly after he reached the age of 31, in mid October of 29 AD -“Repent, for the Kingdom of Heaven is Near”, during in the 15th year of the Emperor Tiberius’s reign, which  satisfies the statement in Luke 3:23 “And when He began his ministry, Jesus Himself was about thirty years of age…”, and also by  2nd Century Christian scholars, such as Irenaaus who said that Jesus “of was beginning to be about thirty years of age” [Against Heresies h, II, xxii, 5].

Ruth in Boaz's Field
Ruth in Boaz’s Field

In 33 AD, the Feast of Weeks of Shevuot which commemorates God giving the Ten Commandments at Mount Sinai fifty days after Passover (April 2-3,), occurred on sunrise on Sunday May 22nd.  On that day, the Holy Spirit was then sent (Acts 2.1-4) at Pentecost (Sivan 6).  According to the New Testament book of Acts (Acts 2:15), 2 When the day of Shevuot came (Hellenistic Jews later gave it the name Pentecost), they (the Apostles) were all together in one place. 2 Suddenly a noise came from heaven. It sounded like a strong wind blowing. This noise filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3 They saw something that looked like flames of fire. The flames were separated and stood over each person there.

4 They were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and they began to speak different languages. The Holy Spirit was giving them the power to do this. 5 There were some godly Jews in Jerusalem at this time. They were from every country in the world. 6 A large crowd came together because they heard the noise. They were surprised because, as the apostles were speaking, everyone heard in their own language. 7 They were all amazed at this. They did not understand how the apostles could do this. They said, “Look! These men we hear speaking are all from Galilee. 8 But we hear them in our own languages. How is this possible? We are from all these different places: 9 Parthia, Media, Elam, Mesopotamia, Judea, Cappadocia, Pontus, Asia, 10 Phrygia, Pamphylia, Egypt, the areas of Libya near the city of Cyrene, Rome, 11 Crete, and Arabia. Some of us were born Jews, and others have changed their religion to worship God like Jews. We are from these different countries, but we can hear these men in our own languages! We can all understand the great things they are saying about God.” 12 The people were all amazed and confused. They asked each other, “What is happening?” 13 But others were laughing at the apostles, saying they were drunk from too much wine.

14 Then Peter (who would eventually become the 1st Pope of the future Roman Catholic Church) stood up with the other eleven apostles. He spoke loudly so that all the people could hear. He said, “My Jewish brothers and all of you who live in Jerusalem, listen to me. I will tell you something you need to know. Listen carefully. 15 These men are not drunk as you think; it’s only nine o’clock in the morning. Peter in (Acts 2:39) says, 39 “This promise is for you. It is also for your children and for the people who are far away. It is for everyone the Lord our God calls to himself.”  Stating that this event was the beginning of a continual outpouring that would be available to all believers from that point on, Jews and Gentiles alike.

Acts 2:41 then reports: “Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.” Peter stated that this event was the beginning of a continual outpouring that would be available to all believers from that point on, Jews and Gentiles alike.

PentacostBased on the above stated testimony given in the second chapter of the Book of Acts of the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles, became know as Pentecost. A spiritual event that took place on  May 22nd 33 AD at 9:00 AM LMT in Jerusalem  in Roman Judea. This event where one hundred and twenty followers of Christ, including the Twelve Apostles (the Eleven faithful disciples and Matthias who was Judas’ replacement), his mother Mary, various other women disciples and his brothers where present, signaled the beginning of the public ministry of the Church and can be considered the “birth event” of the Christian Church, that would eventually become the Roman Catholic Church by the early 2nd Century.

Now if Saint Malachy’s Papal Prophecy is credible, based on the Pentecost horoscope we can project the several stages leading up to the Apocalypse. Again, according to approved Catholic Papal Prophecy, after the selection of the 266th Pope – Pope Francis – stage I, there will be a time of miracles, with mass healings and divine apparitions – stage 2, along with signs in the heavens  and followed by great tribulations – stage 3.

Blackbox Pentecost Forecast 2013 to 2020

Using modern astrological  forecasting technology we can speculate the timeline when these prophetic events according to Saint Malachy are most likely to unfold. Employing dynamic astrology, starting from the date when Pope Francis ascended to the papacy – March 13th, 2013, we can project ahead over the next 7 years (March 13 2020). Based on direct hits by planetary transits and solar arc progressions to the Pentecost horoscope, it appears in the Blackbox graph (above) that stage 2 a time of miracles, with mass healing’s and divine apparitions will begin in mid-2015 through 2017. This will be followed by – stage 3 when signs form the the heavens followed by great tribulations will begin in 2018 through 2020, during which we can expect major crisis to unfold within the Roman Catholic Church leadership that will cause a significant shakeup within the Papacy. This event among outer events on the world stage will likely result in a significant decline in the Church’s prestige and power and coincide with the tribulations of Saint Malachy’s apocalyptic prophecy whose final words were: “Rome, the seat of the Vatican, will be destroyed and the dreadful Judge will judge the people.”

2014 - 2016 Shimta Timeline ChartChronological list of Popes

1st–5th centuries

1st century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
1 33 – 67 Pope-peter pprubens.jpg St Peter
Simon Peter
Σίμων (or Συμεών) Κηφᾶς
ܫܶܡܥܽܘܢ ܟ݁ܺܐܦ݂ܳܐ
BethsaidaGalilea Apostle of Jesus from whom he received the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven, according to Matthew 16:18–19 . Executed by crucifixion upside-down; feast day (Feast of Saints Peter and Paul) 29 June, (Chair of Saint Peter) 22 February. Recognized by the Catholic Church as the first Bishop of Rome (Pope) appointed by Christ. Also revered as saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 29 June.[4]
2 67 – 79 Linus2.jpg St Linus
Linus Tuscia Feast day 23 September. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 7 June.
3 79 – 92 Popeanacletus.JPG St Anacletus
Anacletus Rome Martyred; feast day 26 April. Once erroneously split into Cletus and Anacletus[5]
4 92 – 97 San Clemente de Roma.jpg St Clement I
Clement Rome Feast day 23 November. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 25 November.
5 97 – 107 Evaristus.jpg St Evaristus
Aristus BethlehemJudea Feast day 26 October

2nd century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
6 107 – 116 Pope Alexander I.jpg St Alexander I
Alexander Rome Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 16 March.
7 116 – 125 SixtusI.jpg St Sixtus I
Xystus Rome 6 April. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 10 August.
8 125 – 136 Telesphorus.JPG St Telesphorus
Telesphorus Terranova da SibariCalabria
9 136 – 142 Hyginus.jpg St Hyginus
Hyginus Athens, Greece Traditionally martyred; feast day 11 January
10 142 – 155 Pope Pius I.jpg St Pius I
Pius AquileiaFriuli Martyred by sword; feast day 11 July
11 155–166 Papa Aniceto cropped.jpg St Anicetus
Anicitus Emesa, Syria Traditionally martyred; feast day 17 April
12 c. 166 – 174/175 Soter.jpg St Soter
Soter FondiLatium Traditionally martyred; feast day 22 April
13 174/175 – 189 Eleutherius.jpg St Eleuterus
Eleuther NicopoliEpirus Traditionally martyred; feast day 6 May
14 189 – 198/199 Victor I..jpg St Victor I
Victor Roman Africa
15 199–217 Saintz05.jpg St Zephyrinus
Zephyrinus Rome

3rd century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
16 c. 217 – 222/223 CalixtusI.jpg St Callixtus I
Callistus Iberian Peninsula Martyred; feast day 14 October
17 222/223 – 230 UrbanI.jpg St Urban I
Urban Rome Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 25 May.
18 21 July 230
– 28 September 235
(5 years+)
Pope Pontian.jpg St Pontian
Pontianus Rome First to abdicate office after exile to Sardinia by Emperor Maximinus Thrax. TheLiberian Catalogue records his death on 28 September 235, the earliest exact date in papal history.[6][7]
19 21 November 235
– 3 January 236
(44 days)
Pope Anterus.jpg St Anterus
Anterus Petilia Policastro – Calabria Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 5 August.
20 10 January 236
– 20 January 250
(14 years+)
Saint Fabian1.jpg St Fabian
Fabianus Rome Feast day 20 January. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 5 August.
21 6/11 March 251
– June 253
(2 years+)
Heiliger Cornelius.jpg St Cornelius
Cornelius Died a martyr, through extreme hardship; feast day 16 September
22 25 June 253
– 5 March 254
(256 days)
Lucius I.jpg St Lucius I
Lucius Rome Feast day 4 March
23 12 May 254
– 2 August 257
(3 years+)
Stephen I.jpg St Stephen I
Stephanus Rome Martyred by beheading; feast day 2 August. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with the same feast day.
24 30/31 August 257
– 6 August 258
(340/341 days)
Sandro Botticelli - Sixte II.jpg St Sixtus II
XYSTUS Secundus
Sixtus Greece Martyred by beheading. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 10 August.
25 22 July 259
– 26 December 268
(9 years+)
Pope Dionysius.jpg St Dionysius
Dionysius Greece Feast day 26 December
26 5 January 269
– 30 December 274
(5 years+)
PopeFelixI.jpg St Felix I
Felix Rome
27 4 January 275
– 7 December 283
(8 years+)
Eutychian.jpg St Eutychian
28 17 December 283
– 22 April 296
(12 years+)
PCaius.jpg St Caius
Gaius Martyred (according to legend) Feast day 22 April. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 11 August.
29 30 June 296
– 1 April 304
(7 years+)
Marcellinus.jpg St Marcellinus
Marcellinus Feast day 26 April. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 7 June.

[edit]4th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
30 308–309 Papa Marcelo I.jpg St Marcellus I
31 c.309 – c.310 Eusebius.jpg St Eusebius
32 2 July 311
– 10 January 314
(2 years+)
Pope miltiades.jpg St Miltiades
Africa First pope after the end of the persecution of Christians through the Edict of Milan(313 AD) issued by Constantine the Great
33 31 January 314
– 31 December 335
(21 years+)
Sylvester I.jpg St Sylvester I
Sant’Angelo a Scala, Avellino Feast day 31 December. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 2 January. First Council of Nicaea, 325.
34 18 January 336
– 7 October 336
(263 days)
Marcus (papa).jpg St Mark
Rome Feast day 7 October
35 6 February 337
– 12 April 352
(15 years+)
Iulius I.jpg St Julius I
36 17 May 352
– 24 September 366
(14 years+)
Liberius.jpg Liberius
Earliest Pope not yet canonized by the Roman Church. Revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 27 August.[8]
37 1 October 366
– 11 December 384
(18 years+)
Damasoc.jpg St Damasus I
Idanha-a-Velha, Portugal Patron of Jerome, commissioned the Vulgate translation of the Bible. Council of Rome, 382.
38 11 December 384
– 26 November 399
(14 years+)
Siricius.jpg St Siricius
39 27 November 399
– 19 December 401
(2 years+)
Anastasius I.jpg St Anastasius I

[edit]5th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
40 22 December 401
– 12 March 417
(15 years+)
Innocentius I.jpg St Innocent I
Visigoth Sack of Rome (410) under Alaric
41 18 March 417
– 26 December 418
(1 year+)
Zosimus.jpg St Zosimus
Mesoraca – Calabria
42 28/29 December 418
– 4 September 422
(3 years+)
Pope Boniface I.jpg St Boniface I
43 10 September 422
– 27 July 432
(9 years+)
Celestine1pope.jpg St Celestine I
Rome, Western Roman Empire Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 8 April.
44 31 July 432
– March/August 440
(~8 years)
Pope-Sixtus-III.jpg St Sixtus III
Papa SIXTUS Tertius
45 29 September 440
– 10 November 461
(21 years+)
Greatleoone.jpg St Leo I
Rome Convinced Attila the Hun to turn back his invasion of Italy. Wrote the Tome which was instrumental in the Council of Chalcedon and in defining the hypostatic union. Feast day 10 November. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 18 February.
46 19 November 461
– 29 February 468
(6 years+)
Nuremberg chronicles - Hilarius, Pope (CXXXVIv).jpg St Hilarius
Hilarius Sardinia
47 3 March 468
– 10 March 483
(15 years+)
Sansimpliciopapa.jpg St Simplicius
Simplicius Tivoli
48 13 March 483
– 1 March 492
(8 years+)
Felix3.jpg St Felix III (Felix II)
Papa FELIX Tertius (Secundus)
Felice Rome Sometimes called Felix II
49 1 March 492
– 21 November 496
(4 years+)
Papa Gelasio I.jpg St Gelasius I
Gelasius Africa To date, the last pope to have been born on the continent of Africa.
50 24 November 496
– 19 November 498
(~2 years)
Anastasius II.jpg Anastasius II
Papa ANASTASIUS Secundus
51 22 November 498
– 19 July 514
(15 years+)
Simmaco - mosaico Santa Agnese fuori le mura.jpg St Symmachus
Simmaco Sardinia

6th–15th centuries

6th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
52 20 July 514
– 19 July 523
(~9 years)
Pope Hormisdas.jpg St Hormisdas
Hormisdas Frosinone, Southern Latium Father of Pope Silverius
53 13 August 523
– 18 May 526
(2 years+)
Papa Ioannes I.jpg St John I
Giovanni Toscana
54 13 July 526
– 22 September 530
(4 years+)
Mosaic of Felix IV (III) in Santi Cosma e Damiano, Rome, Italy (527–530).jpg St Felix IV (Felix III)
Papa FELIX Quartus (Tertius)
Felice Samnium Sometimes called Felix III
55 22 September 530
– 17 October 532
(2 years+)
Boniface II.jpg Boniface II
Papa BONIFATIUS Secundus
Bonifacio Rome to Ostrogoth parents
56 2 January 533
– 8 May 535
(2 years+)
Johannes II.jpg John II
Papa IOHANNES Secundus
Mercurio Rome First pope to not use personal name. This was due to Mercury being a Roman god.
57 13 May 535
– 22 April 536
(346 days)
Agapitus I.jpg St Agapetus I
Agapito Rome, Ostrogothic Kingdom Feast days 22 April 20 September. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 17 April.
58 1 June 536
– 11 November 537
(1 year+)
Silverius.jpg St Silverius
Silverius Exiled; feast day 20 June, son of Pope Hormisdas
59 29 March 537
– 7 June 555
(18 years+)
Vigilius.jpg Vigilius
60 16 April 556
– 4 March 561
(~5 years)
Pope Pelagius I.jpg Pelagius I
61 17 July 561
– 13 July 574
(~13 years)
Papa Joao III.jpg John III
Papa IOANNES Tertius
Catelinus Rome, Eastern Roman Empire
62 2 June 575
– 30 July 579
(4 years+)
Benedict I.jpg Benedict I
63 26 November 579
– 7 February 590
(10 years+)
PopePelagiusII.jpg Pelagius II
Papa PELAGIUS Secundus
64 3 September 590
– 12 March 604
(13 years+)
Gregorythegreat.jpg St Gregory I
(Gregory the Great)
Rome First to formally employ the titles Servus servorum Dei and Pontifex Maximus. Feast day 3 September. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 12 March.

7th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
65 13 September 604
– 22 February 606
(1 year+)
Sabinian.jpg Sabinian
66 19 February 607
– 12 November 607
(267 days)
Boniface III.jpg Boniface III
Bonifacio Rome
67 25 August 608
– 8 May 615
(6 years+)
Boniface IV.jpg St Boniface IV
Marsi First Pope to bear the same name as his immediate predecessor. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
68 19 October 615
– 8 November 618
(3 years+)
Papa Adeodato I.jpg St Adeodatus I
Rome Sometimes called Deusdedit, as a result Pope Adeodatus II is sometimes called Pope Adeodatus without a number
69 23 December 619
– 25 October 625
(5 years+)
Papa Bonifacio V.jpg Boniface V
Bonifacio Naples
70 27 October 625
– 12 October 638
(12 years+)
Onorio I - mosaico Santa Agnese fuori le mura.jpg Honorius I
Onorio CampaniaByzantine Empire Named a heretic and anathematized by the Third Council of Constantinople (680)
71 October 638
– 2 August 640
(1 year+)
Severinopapa.jpg Severinus
Severino Rome
72 24 December 640
– 12 October 642
(1 year+)
Murner History Cod Karlsruhe 3117 (crop).jpg John IV
Papa IOANNES Quartus
ZadarDalmatiaByzantine Empire
73 24 November 642
– 14 May 649
(6 years+)
Theodorus I.jpg Theodore I
74 July 649
– 16 September 655
(6 years+)
Pope Martin I.jpg St Martin I
Martino Near Todi, Umbria, Byzantine Empire Feast Day 12 November. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 14 April.
75 10 August 654
– 2 June 657
(2 years+)
PopeeugeneI.jpg St Eugene I
Eugenio Rome
76 30 July 657
– 27 January 672
(14 years+)
Pope Vitalian.jpg St Vitalian
SegniByzantine Empire
77 11 April 672
– 17 June 676
(4 years+)
Adeodatus II.jpg Adeodatus II
Papa ADEODATUS Secundus
Rome, Byzantine Empire Sometimes called Pope Adeodatus (without a number) in reference to Pope Adeodatus I sometimes being called Pope Deusdedit. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
78 2 November 676
– 11 April 678
(1 year+)
Popedonus.jpg Donus
Rome, Byzantine Empire
79 27 June 678
– 10 January 681
(2 years+)
Agatho.gif St Agatho
Sicily Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 20 February.
80 December 681
– 3 July 683
(1 year+)
LeoII-s.jpg St Leo II
Papa LEO Secundus
Leo Sicily Feast day 3 July
81 26 June 684
– 8 May 685
(317 days)
BenedictII.jpg St Benedict II
Papa BENEDICTUS Secundus
Benedetto Rome, Byzantine Empire Feast day 7 May
82 12 July 685
– 2 August 686
(1 year+)
Johannes V.jpg John V
Papa IOANNES Quintus
83 21 October 686
– 22 September 687
(335 days)
Konon.jpg Conon
84 15 December 687
– 8 September 701
(13 years+)
Sergius I.jpg St Sergius I

8th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
85 30 October 701
– 11 January 705
(3 years+)
John VI.jpg John VI
Papa IOANNES Sextus
Ιωάννης Greece
86 1 March 705
– 18 October 707
(2 years+)
Byzantinischer Mosaizist um 705 002.jpg John VII
Papa IOANNES Septimus
Ιωάννης Rossano – Calabria Second pope to bear the same name as his immediate predecessor
87 15 January 708
– 4 February 708
(21 days)
Sisinnius.jpg Sisinnius
88 25 March 708
– 9 April 715
(7 years+)
PopeConstantine.jpg Constantine
Syria Last pope to visit Greece while in office, until John Paul II in 2001
89 19 May 715
– 11 February 731
(15 years+)
GregoryII.jpg St Gregory II
Papa GREGORIUS Secundus
Gregorio Rome, Byzantine Empire Feast day 11 February
90 18 March 731
– 28 November 741
(10 years+)
Pope Gregory III.jpg St Gregory III
Papa GREGORIUS Tertius
Syria Third pope to bear the same name as his immediate predecessor. Was previously the last pope to have been born outside Europe until the election of Francis in 2013.
91 3 December 741
– 14/22 March 752
(10 years+)
Pope Zachary.jpg St Zachary
Santa Severina – Calabria Feast day 15 March
(never consecrated) 23 March 752
– 25 March 752
(Never took office as pope)
Pope-elect Stephen.jpg Pope-elect Stephen
Papa Electus STEPHANUS
Sometimes known as Stephen II. Died three days after his election having never received episcopal consecration. Some lists still include his name. The Vatican sanctioned his addition to the list of popes in the sixteenth century; however he was removed in 1961. He is no longer considered a pope by the Catholic Church.
92 26 March 752
– 26 April 757
(5 years+)
La donacion de Pipino el Breve al Papa Esteban II.jpg Stephen II (Stephen III)
Papa STEPHANUS Secundus (Tertius)
Sometimes called Stephen III
93 29 May 757
– 28 June 767
(10 years+)
Paul I.jpg St Paul I
Paolo Rome
94 1/7 August 767
– 24 January 772
(4 years+)
StephenIII.jpg Stephen III (Stephen IV)
Papa STEPHANUS Tertius (Quartus)
Stefano Sicily Sometimes called Stephen IV
95 1 February 772
– 26 December 795
(23 years+)
Pope Adrian I.jpg Adrian I
Adriano Rome
96 26 December 795
– 12 June 816
(20 years+)
Leo III.jpg St Leo III
Papa LEO Tertius
Leo Rome Crowned Charlemagne Imperator Augustus on Christmas Day, 800, thereby initiating what would become the office of Holy Roman Emperor requiring the imprimatur of the pope for its legitimacy

[edit]9th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at election / death or resigned # years as pope Notes
97 12 June 816 – 24 January 817 Stephen IV.jpg St Stephen IV (Stephen V)
Papa STEPHANUS Quartus (Quintus)
Stephanus <1 Sometimes called Stephen V
98 25 January 817 – 11 February 824 Apsis - Paschalis I..gif St Paschal I
Pasquale Rome 7
99 8 May 824 – August 827 Eugene II.jpg Eugene II
Papa EUGENIUS Secundus
Eugenio Rome 3
100 August 827 – September 827 Valentine.jpg Valentine
Valentino Rome <1
101 827 – January 844 Greg4papa.jpg Gregory IV
Papa GREGORIUS Quartus
Gregorio Rome 17
102 January 844 – 7 January 847 Pope Sergius II.jpg Sergius II
Papa SERGIUS Secundus
Rome 3
103 January 847 – 17 July 855 Pope St. Leo IV.jpg St Leo IV
Papa LEO Quartus
Rome 8 Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
104 855 – 7 April 858 Pope Benedict III.jpg Benedict III
Benedetto Rome
105 24 April 858 – 13 November 867 NicholasI.jpg St Nicholas I
(Nicholas the Great)
Niccolò Rome 9
106 14 December 867 – 14 December 872 Adrian II.jpg Adrian II
Papa HADRIANUS Secundus
Adriano Rome 5
107 14 December 872 – 16 December 882 Pope John VIII.jpg John VIII
Papa IOANNES Octavus
Giovanni Rome 10
108 16 December 882 – 15 May 884 Marinus I.jpg Marinus I
Marino Gallese, Rome 1
109 17 May 884 – c.September 885 Papa Adriano III.jpg St Adrian III
Papa HADRIANUS Tertius
Adriano Rome
110 885 – 14 September 891 Stephen V.jpg Stephen V (Stephen VI)
Papa STEPHANUS Quintus (Sextus)
Stefano Rome Sometimes called Stephen VI
111 19 September 891 – 4 April 896 PopeFormosusBW.jpg Formosus
Formoso Ostia 4 Posthumously ritually executed following the Cadaver Synod
112 4 April 896 – 19 April 896 Boniface VI.jpg Boniface VI
Bonifacio Rome <1
113 22 May 896 – August 897 Stephen VI.jpg Stephen VI (Stephen VII)
Papa STEPHANUS Sextus (Septimus)
Stefano 1 Sometimes called Stephen VII
114 August 897 – November 897 Pope Romanus.jpg Romanus
Romano Gallese, Rome <1
115 December 897 Pope Theodore II.jpg Theodore II
Papa THEODORUS Secundus
Teodoro Rome <1
116 January 898 – January 900 John IX.jpg John IX
Papa IOANNES Nonus
Tivoli Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
117 900 – 903 Pope Benedict IV.jpg Benedict IV
Benedetto Rome

10th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at election / death or resigned # years as pope Notes
118 July 903 – September 903 Pope Leo V.jpg Leo V
Papa LEO Quintus
Leo Ardea <1
119 29 January 904 – 14 April 911 SergiusIII.jpg Sergius III
Papa SERGIUS Tertius
Sergio Rome 7 Saeculum obscurum” begins
120 April 911 – June 913 Pope Anastasius III.jpg Anastasius III
Rome 2
121 July/August 913 – February/March 914 Pope Lando.jpg Lando
Lando Sabina <1
122 March 914 – May 928 Pope John X.jpg John X
Papa IOANNES Decimus
Giovanni Romagna 14
123 June 928 – February 929 Pope Leo VI.jpg Leo VI
Papa LEO Sextus
Leo Rome <1
124 February 929 – March 931 Stephen VII.jpg Stephen VII (Stephen VIII)
Papa STEPHANUS Septimus (Octavus)
Stefano Rome 2 Sometimes called Stephen VIII
125 February/March 931 – December 935 Ioannes XI.jpg John XI
Papa IOANNES Undecimus
Giovanni Rome 4
126 3 January 936 – 13 July 939 Leone-VII.jpg Leo VII
Papa LEO Septimus
3 Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
127 14 July 939 – October 942 Stephen VIII.png Stephen VIII (Stephen IX)
Papa STEPHANUS Octavus (Nonus)
Stephan Rome 3 Sometimes called Stephen IX
128 30 October 942 – May 946 Marinus II.jpg Marinus II
Papa MARINUS Secundus
Marino Rome 3
129 10 May 946 – December 955 Pope Agapetus II.jpg Agapetus II
Papa AGAPITUS Secundus
Agapito Rome 9
130 16 December 955 – 14 May 964 GiovanniXII.png John XII
Papa IOANNES Duodecimus
Octavian Rome 8 Deposed in 963 by Emperor Otto invalidly; end of the “Saeculum obscurum
131 22 May 964 – 23 June 964 Pope Benedict V.jpg Benedict V
Rome <1 Elected after John XII‘s death by the people of Rome, in opposition to the Antipope Leo VIII who was appointed by Emperor Otto; Benedict accepted his deposition in 964 leaving Leo as sole pope.
132 July 964 – 1 March 965 Pope Leo VIII.jpg Leo VIII
Papa LEO Octavus
Rome <1 Appointed antipope by Emperor Otto in 963 in opposition to John XIIand Benedict V. He became the true Pope after Benedict V was deposed
133 1 October 965 – 6 September 972 Papa Ioannes XIII.jpg John XIII
Papa IOANNES Tertius Decimus
Rome 6
134 19 January 973 – June 974 Pope Benedict VI.jpg Benedict VI
Rome, Papal States 1 Deposed and murdered
135 October 974 – 10 July 983 Pope Benedict VII.jpg Benedict VII
Papa BENEDICTUS Septimus
Rome 8
136 December 983 – 20 August 984 Pope John XIV.jpg John XIV
Papa IOANNES Quartus Decimus
Pietro Campanora Pavia <1
137 August 985 – March 996 Pope John XV.jpg John XV
Papa IOANNES Quintus Decimus
Rome 10
138 3 May 996 – 18 February 999 Otto III wird von Papst Gregor V. zum Kaiser gesalbt.jpg Gregory V
Papa GREGORIUS Quintus
Bruno of Carinthia Germany, Holy Roman Empire 2 First German Pope
139 2 April 999 – 12 May 1003 Silvester II.JPG Sylvester II
Papa SILVESTER Secundus
Gerbert d’Aurillac Auvergne region of France 4 First French Pope

11th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
140 June 1003
– 6 December 1003
Papa Joao XVII.jpg John XVII
Papa IOANNES Septimus Decimus
Siccone Rome, Papal States
141 25 December 1003
– July 1009
(5 years+)
Ioannes XVIII.jpg John XVIII
Papa IOANNES Duodevicesimus
Giovanni Fasano; Phasianus RapagnanoPapal States
142 31 July 1009
– 12 May 1012
(2 years+)
Sergius IV.jpg Sergius IV
Papa SERGIUS Quartus
Pietro Boccapecora Rome, Papal StatesHoly Roman Empire
143 18 May 1012
– 9 April 1024
(11 years+)
B Benedikt VIII.jpg Benedict VIII
Theophylactus II, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal StatesHoly Roman Empire
144 April/May 1024
– 20 October 1032
(8 years+)
B Johannes XIX.jpg John XIX
Papa IOANNES Undevicesimus
Romanus, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal StatesHoly Roman Empire
145 20 October 1032–31 December 1044 Pope Benedict IX.jpg Benedict IX
Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal StatesHoly Roman Empire 1st Term
146 1 January 1045-31 March 1045 Silvestro3.jpg Sylvester III
Papa SILVESTER Tertius
John, Bishop of Sabina Rome, Papal StatesHoly Roman Empire Validity of election questioned; considered Anti-Pope; deposed at the Council of Sutri.
147 1 April 1045–10 November 1045 Pope Benedict IX.jpg Benedict IX
Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal StatesHoly Roman Empire 2nd Term; deposed at the Council of Sutri
148 10 November 1045– 23 December 1046 B Gregor VI.jpg Gregory VI
Papa GREGORIUS Sextus,
Johannes Gratianus Rome, Papal StatesHoly Roman Empire Deposed at the Council of Sutri
149 24 December 1046
– 9 October 1047
ClemensII.jpg Clement II
Papa CLEMENS Secundus
Suidger HornburgDuchy of SaxonyHoly Roman Empire Appointed by Henry III at the Council of Sutri; crowned Henry III as Holy Roman Emperor.
150 November 1047–17 July 1048 Pope Benedict IX.jpg Benedict IX
Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal StatesHoly Roman Empire 3rd Term; deposed and excommunicated
151 17 July 1048
– 9 August 1048
(23 days)
B Damasus II1.jpg Damasus II
Papa DAMASUS Secundus
Poppo Pildenau, Duchy of BavariaHoly Roman Empire
152 12 February 1049
– 19 April 1054
(5 years+)
Leon IX.jpg St Leo IX
Papa LEO Nonus
Bruno, Count of Dagsbourg EguisheimSwabiaHoly Roman Empire In 1054, mutual excommunications of Leo IX and Patriarch of Constantinople Michael I Cerularius began the East–West Schism. The anathematizations were rescinded byPope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras in 1965.[9]
153 13 April 1055
– 28 July 1057
(2 years+)
Vicii bild.jpg Victor II
Papa VICTOR Secundus
Gebhard, Count of Calw, Tollenstein, and Hirschberg Kingdom of GermanyHoly Roman Empire
154 2 August 1057
– 29 March 1058
(241 days)
B Stephan IX.jpg Stephen IX (Stephen X)
Papa STEPHANUS Nonus (Decimus)
Frédéric de Lorraine, O.S.B. Duchy of LorraineHoly Roman Empire Sometimes called Stephen X. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
155 6 December 1058
– 27 July 1061
(2 years+)
Papa Nicolau II.jpg Nicholas II
Papa NICOLAUS Secundus
Gérard de Bourgogne Château de ChevronKingdom of Arles
156 30 September 1061
– 21 April 1073
(11 years+)
Papa Alexandre II.jpg Alexander II
Papa ALEXANDER Secundus
Anselmo da Baggio MilanItalyHoly Roman Empire Authorised the Norman conquest of England in 1066
157 22 April 1073
– 25 May 1085
(12 years+)
Pope Gregory VII.jpg St Gregory VII
Papa GREGORIUS Septimus
SovanaItalyHoly Roman Empire Initiated the Gregorian Reforms. Restricted the use of title “Papa” to the Bishop of Rome.[4] Member of the Order of Saint Benedict. Political struggle with German Emperor Henry IV, who had to go to Canossa (1077).
158 24 May 1086
– 16 September 1087
(1 year+)
Victor III.jpg Bd. Victor III
Papa VICTOR Tertius
Desiderio; Desiderius; Dauferius
BeneventoDuchy of Benevento Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
159 12 March 1088
– 29 July 1099
(11 years+)
BlUrban II.gif Bd. Urban II
Papa URBANUS Secundus
Odo of Lagery, O.S.B. LageryCounty of Champagne, France Started the First Crusade. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
160 13 August 1099
– 21 January 1118
(18 years+)
B Paschalis II.jpg Paschal II
Papa PASCHALIS Secundus
BledaPapal StatesHoly Roman Empire Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.

12th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
161 24 January 1118
– 28 January 1119
(1 year, 4 days)
GelasioII.gif Gelasius II
Papa GELASIUS Secundus
Giovanni Coniulo, O.S.B. GaetaPrincipality of Capua Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
162 2 February 1119
– 13 December 1124
(5 years, 315 days)
Callistus II.gif Callixtus II
Papa CALLISTUS Secundus
Guido, Comte de Bourgogne QuingeyCounty of Burgundy,Holy Roman Empire Opened the First Council of the Lateran in 1123
163 15 December 1124
– 13 February 1130
(5 years, 60 days)
B Honorius II.jpg Honorius II
Papa HONORIUS Secundus
Lamberto Scannabecchi, Can.Reg. FiagnanoPapal StatesHoly Roman Empire Canon Regular of S. Maria di San Reno
164 14 February 1130
– 24 September 1143
(13 years, 222 days)
B Innozenz II.jpg Innocent II
Gregorio Papareschi, Can.Reg. Rome, Papal StatesHoly Roman Empire Canon Regular of Lateran; Convened the Second Council of the Lateran, 1139
165 26 September 1143
– 8 March 1144
(0 years, 164 days)
Caelestinus II.jpg Celestine II
Guido Città di CastelloPapal States,Holy Roman Empire
166 12 March 1144
– 15 February 1145
(0 years, 340 days)
B Lucius II.jpg Lucius II
Papa LUCIUS Secundus
Gerardo Caccianemici dal Orso, Can.Reg. BolognaPapal StatesHoly Roman Empire Canon Regular of S. Frediano di Lucca
167 15 February 1145
– 8 July 1153
(8 years, 143 days)
B Eugen III.jpg Bd. Eugene III
Papa EUGENIUS Tertius
Bernardo da Pisa, O.Cist. PisaRepublic of PisaHoly Roman Empire Member of the Order of Cistercians. Announced the Second Crusade.
168 8 July 1153
– 3 December 1154
(1 year, 148 days)
B Anastasius IV.jpg Anastasius IV
Corrado Demetri della Suburra Rome, Papal StatesHoly Roman Empire
169 4 December 1154
– 1 September 1159
(4 years, 271 days)
Pope Hadrian IV.jpg Adrian IV
Papa HADRIANUS Quartus
Nicholas Breakspear, Can.Reg. Abbots Langley, Hertfordshire, Kingdom of England First and only English pope; purportedly granted Ireland to Henry II, King of England. Canon Regular of St. Rufus Monastery .
170 7 September 1159
– 30 August 1181
(21 years, 357 days)
B-Alexander III1.jpg Alexander III
Papa ALEXANDER Tertius
Rolando SienaItalyHoly Roman Empire Convened the Third Council of the Lateran, 1179
171 1 September 1181
– 25 November 1185
(4 years, 85 days)
Pope Lucius III.png Lucius III
Papa LUCIUS Tertius
Ubaldo LuccaItalyHoly Roman Empire
172 25 November 1185
– 19 October 1187
(1 year, 328 days)
B Urban III.jpg Urban III
Papa URBANUS Tertius
Uberto Crivelli CuggionoItalyHoly Roman Empire
173 21 October 1187
– 17 December 1187
(0 years, 57 days)
B Gregor VIII.jpg Gregory VIII
Papa GREGORIUS Octavus
Alberto di Morra, Can.Reg. BeneventoPapal StatesHoly Roman Empire Canon Regular Premostratense. Proposed the Third Crusade
174 19 December 1187
– 20 March 1191[10]
(3 years, 91 days)
B Clemens III.jpg Clement III
Papa CLEMENS Tertius
Paolo Scolari Rome, Papal StatesHoly Roman Empire
175 21 March 1191
– 8 January 1198
(6 years, 293 days)
Celestin III.jpg Celestine III
Giacinto Bobone Rome, Papal StatesHoly Roman Empire
176 C o a Innocenzo III.svg 8 January 1198
– 16 July 1216
(18 years, 190 days)
Innozenz3.jpg Innocent III
Lothario dei Conti di Segni GavignanoPapal StatesHoly Roman Empire Convened the Fourth Council of the Lateran, 1215. Initiated the Fourth Crusade. Initiated the medieval Inquisition in Spain and Portugal.

13th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
177C o a Onorio IV.svg 18 July 1216
– 18 March 1227
(10 years, 243 days)
B Honorius III3.jpg Honorius III
Papa HONORIUS Tertius
Cencio Rome, Papal StatesHoly Roman Empire Initiated the Fifth Crusade.
178C o a Innocenzo III.svg 19 March 1227
– 22 August 1241
(14 years, 156 days)
PopeGregoryIX.jpg Gregory IX
Ugolino dei Conti di Segni AnagniPapal StatesHoly Roman Empire Canonized Elisabeth of Hungary, 1235. Initiated the Inquisition in France.
179C o a Celestino IV.svg 25 October 1241
– 10 November 1241
(0 years, 16 days)
B Colestin IV.jpg Celestine IV
Goffredo Castiglioni MilanItalyHoly Roman Empire Died before coronation.
180C o a Adriano V.svg 25 June 1243
– 7 December 1254
(11 years, 165 days)
Inocenc IV.jpg Innocent IV
Sinibaldo Fieschi GenoaRepublic of GenoaHoly Roman Empire Convened the First Council of Lyons, 1245
181C o a Innocenzo III.svg 12 December 1254
– 25 May 1261
(6 years, 164 days)
B Alexander IV.jpg Alexander IV
Papa ALEXANDER Quartus
Rinaldo dei Conti di Jenne JennePapal States
182C o a Urbano IV.svg 29 August 1261
– 2 October 1264
(3 years, 34 days)
Pope Urban IV.jpg Urban IV
Papa URBANUS Quartus
Jacques Pantaléon TroyesCounty of Champagne, France
183C o a Clemente IV.svg 5 February 1265
– 29 November 1268
(3 years, 298 days)
Papst Clemens IV.jpg Clement IV
Papa CLEMENS Quartus
Gui Faucoi Saint-Gilles, Languedoc, France
N/A 29 November 1268
– 1 September 1271
Sede vacante.svg Interregnum Almost 3 year period without a valid pope elected. This was due to a deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.
184C o a Gregorio X.svg 1 September 1271
– 10 January 1276
(4 years, 131 days)
B Gregor X.jpg Bd. Gregory X
Papa GREGORIUS Decimus
Tebaldo Visconti PiacenzaItalyHoly Roman Empire Convened the Second Council of Lyons, 1274.
185C o a Innocenzo V.svg 21 January 1276
– 22 June 1276
(0 years, 153 days)
InnocentV.jpg Bd. Innocent V
Pierre de Tarentaise, O.P. County of SavoyHoly Roman Empire Member of the Dominican Order.
186C o a Adriano V.svg 11 July 1276
– 18 August 1276
(0 years, 38 days)
Papa Adriano V.jpg Adrian V
Papa HADRIANUS Quintus
Ottobuono Fieschi GenoaRepublic of GenoaHoly Roman Empire
187C o a Giovanni XXI.svg 8 September 1276
– 20 May 1277
(0 years, 254 days)
B Johannes XXI.jpg John XXI
Papa IOANNES Vicesimus Primus
Pedro Julião (a.k.a. Petrus Hispanus and Pedro Hispano) Lisbon, Portugal Due to a confusion over the numbering of popes named John in the 13th century, there was no John XX. There has never been a Pope John XX, because the 20th pope of this name, formerly Petrus Hispanus, when elected Pope in 1276, decided to skip the number XX and to be counted as John XXI instead. He wanted to correct what in his time was believed to be an error in the counting of his predecessors John XV to XIX
188C o a Niccolo III.svg 25 November 1277
– 22 August 1280
(2 years, 271 days)
NicholasIII.jpg Nicholas III
Papa NICOLAUS Tertius
Giovanni Gaetano Orsini Rome, Papal StatesHoly Roman Empire
189C o a Martino IV.svg 22 February 1281
– 28 March 1285
(4 years, 34 days)
B Martin IV.jpg Martin IV
Papa MARTINUS Quartus
Simon de Brion Meinpicien, Touraine, France
190C o a Onorio IV.svg 2 April 1285
– 3 April 1287
(2 years, 1 day)
PopeOnorioIV.jpg Honorius IV
Papa HONORIUS Quartus
Giacomo Savelli Rome, Papal StatesHoly Roman Empire
191C o a Niccolo IV.svg 22 February 1288
– 4 April 1292
(4 years, 42 days)
NicholasIV.jpg Nicholas IV
Papa NICOLAUS Quartus
Girolamo Masci, O.F.M. Lisciano, Papal StatesHoly Roman Empire Member of the Franciscan Order.
N/A 4 April 1292
– 5 July 1294
Sede vacante.svg Interregnum 2 year period without a valid pope elected. This was due to a deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.
192C o a Celestino V.svg 5 July 1294
– 13 December 1294
(0 years, 161 days)
B Colestin V.jpg St Celestine V
Pietro da Morrone, O.S.B. Sant’Angelo Limosano, Kingdom of Sicily One of the few popes who resigned. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
193C o a Bonifacio VIII.svg 24 December 1294
– 11 October 1303
(8 years, 291 days)
Bonifatius VIII Grabstatue.JPG Boniface VIII
Benedetto Caetani AnagniPapal StatesHoly Roman Empire

14th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
194C o a Benedetto XI.svg 22 October 1303
– 7 July 1304
(0 years, 259 days)
B Benedikt XI.jpg Bd. Benedict XI
Papa BENEDICTUS Undecimus
Niccolò Boccasini, O.P. Treviso Member of the Dominican Order.
195C o a Clemente V.svg 5 June 1305
– 20 April 1314
(8 years, 319 days)
Papa Clemens Quintus.jpg Clement V
Papa CLEMENS Quintus
Bertrand de Got Villandraut, Gascony, France Pope at Avignon. Convened the Council of Vienne, 1311–1312. Initiated the persecution of the Knights Templar with the Pastoralis Praeeminentiae under pressure from King Philip IV of France.
N/A 20 April 1314
– 7 August 1316
Sede vacante.svg Interregnum 2 year period without a valid pope elected. This was due to a deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.
196C o a Giovanni XXII.svg 7 August 1316
– 4 December 1334
(18 years, 119 days)
John22.jpg John XXII
Papa IOANNES Vicesimus Secundus
Jacques d’Euse; Jacques Duèse Cahors, Quercy, France Pope at Avignon
197C o a Benedetto XII.svg 20 December 1334
– 25 April 1342
(7 years, 126 days)
Benedikt XII1.gif Benedict XII
Papa BENEDICTUS Duodecimus
Jacques Fournier, O.Cist. Saverdun, County of Foix, France Pope at Avignon. Member of the Order of Cistercians.
198C o a Gregorio XI.svg 7 May 1342
– 6 December 1352
(10 years, 213 days)
Clemens VI.gif Clement VI
Papa CLEMENS Sextus
Pierre Roger, O.S.B. Maumont, Limousin, France Pope at Avignon
199C o a Innocenzo VI.svg 18 December 1352
– 12 September 1362
(9 years, 268 days)
Innozenz VI.gif Innocent VI
Étienne Aubert Les Monts, Limousin, France Pope at Avignon
200C o a Urbano V.svg 28 September 1362
– 19 December 1370
(8 years, 82 days)
Urban V.gif Bd. Urban V
Papa URBANUS Quintus
Guillaume (de) Grimoard, O.S.B. Grizac, Languedoc, France Pope at Avignon. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
201C o a Gregorio XI.svg 30 December 1370
– 27 March 1378
(7 years, 87 days)
PopeGregoryXI.jpg Gregory XI
Papa GREGORIUS Undecimus
Pierre Roger de Beaufort Maumont, Limousin, France Pope at Avignon; returns to Rome; last French Pope
202C o a Urbano VI.svg 8 April 1378
– 15 October 1389
(11 years, 190 days)
Urbanus VI.jpg Urban VI
Papa URBANUS Sextus
Bartolomeo Prignano Naples, Kingdom of Naples Western Schism
203C o a Bonifacio IX.svg 2 November 1389
– 1 October 1404
(14 years, 334 days)
IX.Bonifac.jpg Boniface IX
Pietro Tomacelli Naples, Kingdom of Naples Western Schism

15th century

  • R This pope resigned his office.
  • B The exact birth date of Innocent VIII and almost all popes prior to Eugene IV is unknown, therefore the lowest probable age has been assumed for this table.
Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
204C o a Innocenzo VII.svg 17 October 1404
– 6 November 1406
(2 years, 20 days)
Innocent VII.jpg Innocent VII
Cosimo Gentile Migliorati Sulmona, Kingdom of Naples 65 / 67 [B] Western Schism
205C o a Gregorio XII.svg 30 November 1406
– 4 July 1415
(8 years, 216 days)
Gregory XII.jpg Gregory XII
Papa GREGORIUS Duodecimus
Angelo Correr Venice, Republic of Venice [R] Western Schism; abdicated during the Council of Constance, which had been called by his opponent John XXIII.
N/A 4 July 1415
– 11 November 1417
Sede vacante.svg Interregnum Two-year period without a valid pope elected.
206C o a Martino V.svg 11 November 1417
– 20 February 1431
(13 years, 101 days)
Pisanello, copia da Ritratto di Martino V (Galleria Colonna).jpg Martin V
Papa MARTINUS Quintus
Oddone Colonna Genazzano, Papal States 48 / 62 Convened the Council of Basel, 1431
207C o a Eugenio IV.svg 3 March 1431
– 23 February 1447
(15 years, 357 days)
PapstEugen.jpg Eugene IV
Papa EUGENIUS Quartus
Gabriele Condulmer, O.S.A. Venice, Republic of Venice 47 / 63 [B] Member of the Augustinian Order. Crowned Sigismund emperor at Rome in 1433. Transferred the Council of Basel to Ferrara. It was later transferred again, to Florence, because of the Bubonic plague.
208C o a Niccolo V.svg 6 March 1447
– 24 March 1455
(8 years, 18 days)
Paus Nicolaas V door Peter Paul Rubens.jpg Nicholas V
Papa NICOLAUS Quintus
Tommaso Parentucelli Sarzana, Republic of Genoa 49 / 57 Held Jubilee of 1450. Crowned Frederick III emperor at Rome in 1452. Created a library in the Vatican which would eventually become the Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana.
209C o a Callisto III.svg 8 April 1455
– 6 August 1458
(3 years, 120 days)
Calixtus III.jpg Callixtus III
Papa CALLISTUS Tertius
Alfonso de Borgia Xàtiva, Kingdom of Valencia, Crown of Aragon 76 / 79 First Spanish pope
210C o a Pio II.svg 19 August 1458
– 15 August 1464
(5 years, 362 days)
Papst pius ii.jpg Pius II
Papa PIUS Secundus
Enea Silvio Piccolomini Corsignano, Republic of Siena 52 / 58 Interest in urban planning. Founded Pienza (near Siena) as the ideal city (1462).
211C o a Paulo II.svg 30 August 1464
– 26 July 1471
(6 years, 330 days)
Pietrobarbo.jpg Paul II
Papa PAULUS Secundus
Pietro Barbo Venice, Republic of Venice 47 / 54 Nephew of Eugene IV
212C o a Sisto IV.svg 9 August 1471
– 12 August 1484
(13 years, 3 days)
Pope Sixtus IV (head).jpg Sixtus IV
Papa XYSTUS Quartus
Francesco della RovereO.F.M. Celle Ligure, Republic of Genoa 57 / 70 Member of the Franciscan Order. Commissioned the Sistine Chapel. Authorized an Inquisition targeting converted (Jewish) Christians in Spain, at the request of Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand.
213C o a Innocenzo VIII.svg 29 August 1484
– 25 July 1492
(7 years, 331 days)
Innocent VIII.JPG Innocent VIII
Giovanni Battista Cybo Genoa, Republic of Genoa 51 / 59 [B] Appointed Tomás de Torquemada
214Papal Arms of Alexander VI.svg 11 August 1492
– 18 August 1503
(11 years, 7 days)
Pope Alexander Vi.jpg Alexander VI
Rodrigo de Lanzol-Borgia Xàtiva, Kingdom of Valencia, Crown of Aragon 61 / 72 Nephew of Callixtus III. Father to Cesare Borgia and Lucrezia Borgia. Divided the extra-European world between Spain and Portugal in 1493 by the Bull Inter caetera.

[edit]16th–20th centuries

16th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
215C o a Pio II.svg 22 September 1503
– 18 October 1503
(0 years, 26 days)
PiusIII.jpg Pius III
Papa PIUS Tertius
Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini Siena, Republic of Siena 64 / 64 Nephew of Pius II
216C o a Sisto IV.svg 31 October 1503
– 21 February 1513
(9 years, 113 days)
Raffaello - Papa Giulio II - Uffizi.jpg Julius II
Papa IULIUS Secundus
Giuliano della Rovere Albisola, Republic of Genoa 59 / 69 Nephew of Sixtus IV; Convened the Fifth Council of the Lateran, 1512. Took effective control of the whole territory of the Papal States for the first time. Commissioned Michelangelo to paint theSistine Chapel ceiling. Proposed plans for rebuilding of St Peter’s Basilica
217C o a Papas Medicis.svg 9 March 1513
– 1 December 1521
(8 years, 267 days)
Pope-leo10.jpg Leo X
Papa LEO Decimus
Giovanni di Lorenzo de’ Medici Florence, Republic of Florence 37 / 45 Son of Lorenzo the Magnificent. Excommunicated Martin Luther. Extended the Spanish Inquisition into Portugal.
218C o a Adriano VI.svg 9 January 1522
– 14 September 1523
(1 year, 248 days)
Hadrian VI.jpg Adrian VI
Adriaan Floriszoon Boeyens Utrecht, Bishopric of Utrecht,Holy Roman Empire (presently The Netherlands) 62 / 64 The only Dutch pope but also known as a German Pope. Last non-Italian to be elected pope until John Paul II in 1978. The tutor of Emperor Charles V
219C o a Papas Medicis.svg 26 November 1523
– 25 September 1534
(10 years, 303 days)
Clement VII. Sebastiano del Piombo. c.1531..jpg Clement VII
Papa CLEMENS Septimus
Giulio di Giuliano de’ Medici Florence, Republic of Florence 45 / 56 Cousin of Leo X. Rome plundered by imperial troops (“Sacco di Roma“), 1527. He forbade the divorce of Henry VIII and crowned Charles V Emperor at Bologna in 1530. His niece Catherine de’ Medici was married to the future Henry II of France.
220C o a Paulo III.svg 13 October 1534
– 10 November 1549
(15 years, 28 days)
Tizian 083b.jpg Paul III
Papa PAULUS Tertius
Alessandro Farnese Canino, Lazio, Papal States 66 / 81 Opened the Council of Trent in 1545. His illegitimate son became the first Duke of Parma.
221C o a Giulio III.svg 7 February 1550
– 29 March 1555
(5 years, 50 days)
Julius III.jpg Julius III
Papa IULIUS Tertius
Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte Rome, Papal States 62 / 67 Established the Collegium Germanicum.
222C o a Marcello II.svg 9 April 1555
– 30 April or 1 May 1555
(0 years, 21/22 days)
Pope Marcellus II.jpg Marcellus II
Papa MARCELLUS Secundus
Marcello Cervini Montefano, Marche, Papal States 53 / 53 Last to use birth name as regnal name
223C o a Paulo IV.svg 23 May 1555
– 18 August 1559
(4 years, 87 days)
Pope Paul IV.PNG Paul IV
Papa PAULUS Quartus
Giovanni Pietro Carafa, C.R. Capriglia Irpina, Campania, Kingdom of Naples 78 / 83
224C o a Papas Medicis.svg 26 December 1559
– 9 December 1565
(5 years, 348 days)
Pius IV 2.jpg Pius IV
Papa PIUS Quartus
Giovanni Angelo Medici Milan, Duchy of Milan 60 / 66 Reopened the Council of Trent, 1562, it concluded its proceedings in 1563
225C o a Pio V.svg 7 January 1566
– 1 May 1572
(6 years, 115 days)
El Greco 050.jpg St Pius V
Papa PIUS Quintus
Michele Ghislieri, O.P. Bosco, Duchy of Milan 61 / 68 Member of the Dominican Order. Excommunicated Elizabeth I of England, 1570. Victory of Lepanto 1571
226C o a Gregorio XIII.svg 13 May 1572
– 10 April 1585
(12 years, 332 days)
Gregory XIII.jpg Gregory XIII
Papa GREGORIUS Tertius Decimus
Ugo Boncompagni Bologna, Papal States 70 / 83 Reform of the calendar 1582
227C o a Sisto V.svg 24 April 1585
– 27 August 1590
(5 years, 125 days)
Sixtus5.jpg Sixtus V
Papa XYSTUS Quintus
Felice Peretti, O.F.M. Conv. Grottammare, Marche, Papal States 63 / 68 Member of the Conventual Franciscan Order.
228C o a Urbano VII.svg 15 September 1590
– 27 September 1590
(0 years, 12 days)
Pope Urban VII 1590.jpg Urban VII
Papa URBANUS Septimus
Giovanni Battista Castagna Rome, Papal States 69 / 69 Shortest-reigning pope; died before coronation.
229C o a Gregorio XIV.svg 5 December 1590
– 15/16 October 1591
(0 years, 314/315 days)
Gregory XIV.PNG Gregory XIV
Papa GREGORIUS Quartus Decimus
Niccolò Sfondrati Somma Lombardo, Duchy of Milan 55 / 56
230C o a Innocenzo IX.svg 29 October 1591
– 30 December 1591
(0 years, 62 days)
Innocent IX 2.jpg Innocent IX
Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti Bologna, Papal States 72 / 72
231C o a Clemente VIII.svg 30 January 1592
– 3 March 1605
(13 years, 32 days)
Clement viii.jpg Clement VIII
Papa CLEMENS Octavus
Ippolito Aldobrandini Fano, Marche, Papal States 55 / 69 Convened the Congregatio de Auxiliis which addressed doctrinal disputes between the Dominicans and Jesuits regarding free will and divine grace.[11]

17th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
232C o a Papas Medicis.svg 1 April 1605
– 27 April 1605
(0 years, 26 days)
Leo XI 2.jpg Leo XI
Papa LEO Undecimus
Alessandro Ottaviano de’ Medici Florence, Duchy of Florence 69 / 69 Nephew of Leo X.
233C o a Paulo V.svg 16 May 1605
– 28 January 1621
(15 years, 257 days)
Pope Paul V.jpg Paul V
Papa PAULUS Quintus
Camillo Borghese Rome, Papal States 52 / 68 Known for building projects, including the facade of St Peter’s Basilica.
234C o a Gregorio XV.svg 9 February 1621
– 8 July 1623
(2 years, 149 days)
Pope Gregory XV.jpg Gregory XV
Papa GREGORIUS Quintus Decimus
Alessandro Ludovisi Bologna, Papal States 67 / 69 Established the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith, 1622.
235C o a Urbano VIII.svg 6 August 1623
– 29 July 1644
(20 years, 358 days)
Gian Lorenzo Bernini - Portrait d'Urbain VIII.jpg Urban VIII
Papa URBANUS Octavus
Maffeo Barberini Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany 55 / 76 Trial against Galileo Galilei
236C o a Innocenzo X.svg 15 September 1644
– 7 January 1655
(10 years, 114 days)
Innocent-x-velazquez.jpg Innocent X
Giovanni Battista Pamphilj Rome, Papal States 70 / 80 Great-great-great-grandson of Alexander VI.
237C o a Alessandro VII.svg 7 April 1655
– 22 May 1667
(12 years, 45 days)
Alexander VII.jpg Alexander VII
Papa ALEXANDER Septimus
Fabio Chigi Siena, Grand Duchy of Tuscany 56 / 68 Great-nephew of Paul V. Commissioned St. Peter’s Square.
238C o a Clemente IX.svg 20 June 1667
– 9 December 1669
(2 years, 172 days)
Clemens IX.jpg Clement IX
Papa CLEMENS Nonus
Giulio Rospigliosi Pistoia, Grand Duchy of Tuscany 67 / 69 Commissioned the colonnade of St. Peter’s Square.
239C o a Clemente X.svg 29 April 1670
– 22 July 1676
(6 years, 84 days)
Clement X.jpg Clement X
Papa CLEMENS Decimus
Emilio Altieri Rome, Papal States 79 / 86 Canonized the first saint from the Americas, Saint Rose of Lima, in 1671.
240C o a Innocenzo XI.svg 21 September 1676
– 11/12 August 1689
(12 years, 324/325 days)
InnocentXI.jpg Bd. Innocent XI
Papa INNOCENTIUS Undecimus
Benedetto Odescalchi Como, Duchy of Milan 65 / 78 Suspected to have secretly funded William III of Orange‘s Glorious Revolution to overthrow the Catholic James II of England.
241C o a Alessandro VIII.svg 6 October 1689
– 1 February 1691
(1 year, 118 days)
Alexander VIII 1.jpg Alexander VIII
Papa ALEXANDER Octavus
Pietro Vito Ottoboni Venice, Republic of Venice 79 / 80
242C o a Innocenzo XII.svg 12 July 1691
– 27 September 1700
(9 years, 77 days)
Pope Innocent XII.PNG Innocent XII
Papa INNOCENTIUS Duodecimus
Antonio Pignatelli Spinazzola, Kingdom of Naples 76 / 85 Issued Romanum decet Pontificem, 1692.

18th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
243C o a Clemente XI.svg 23 November 1700
– 19 March 1721
(20 years, 116 days)
Clement XI.jpg Clement XI
Papa CLEMENS Undecimus
Giovanni Francesco Albani Urbino, Marche, Papal States 51 / 71 Chinese Rites controversy
244C o a Innocenzo XIII.svg 8 May 1721
– 7 March 1724
(2 years, 304 days)
InnocientXIII.jpg Innocent XIII
Papa INNOCENTIUS Tertius Decimus
Michelangelo de’ Conti Poli, Lazio, Papal States 65 / 68
245C o a Benedetto XIII.svg 29 May 1724
– 21 February 1730
(5 years, 268 days)
Benedict XIII.jpg Benedict XIII
Papa BENEDICTUS Tertius Decimus
Pierfrancesco OrsiniO.P. Gravina in Puglia, Kingdom of Naples 75 / 81 Member of the Dominican Order. Third and last member of the Orsini family to be Pope.
246C o a Clemente XII.svg 12 July 1730
– 6 February 1740
(9 years, 209 days)
Pope Clement XII, portrait.jpg Clement XII
Papa CLEMENS Duodecimus
Lorenzo Corsini Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany 78 / 87 Completed the new façade of the Archbasilica of St. John Lateran, 1735. Commissioned the Trevi Fountain, 1732.
247C o a Benedetto XIV.svg 17 August 1740
– 3 May 1758
(17 years, 259 days)
Pierre Subleyras Portrait of Benedict XIV 1746. Metropolitan Museum of Art.jpg Benedict XIV
Papa BENEDICTUS Quartus Decimus
Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini Bologna, Papal States 65 / 83
248C o a Clemente XIII.svg 6 July 1758
– 2 February 1769
(10 years, 211 days)
ClementXIII.jpeg Clement XIII
Papa CLEMENS Tertius Decimus
Carlo della Torre Rezzonico Venice, Republic of Venice 65 / 75 Provided the famous fig leaves on male statues in the Vatican. Defended the Society of Jesus in Apostolicum pascendi, 1765.
249C o a Clemente XIV.svg 19 May 1769
– 22 September 1774
(5 years, 126 days)
Clement XIV.jpg Clement XIV
Papa CLEMENS Quartus Decimus
Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli,O.F.M. Conv. Sant’Arcangelo di Romagna, Papal States 63 / 68 Member of the Conventual Franciscan Order. Suppressed the Jesuit Order.
250C o a Pio VI.svg 15 February 1775
– 29 August 1799
(24 years, 195 days)
Popepiusvi.jpg Pius VI
Papa PIUS Sextus
Count Giovanni Angelo Braschi Cesena, Papal States 57 / 81 Condemned the French Revolution and was expelled from the Papal States by French troops from 1798 until his death.
N/A 29 August 1799
–14 March 1800
Sede vacante.svg Interregnum six month period without a valid pope elected. This was due to unique logistical problems (the old pope died a prisoner and the Conclave was in Venice) and a deadlock among cardinals voting.

19th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
251C o a Pio VII.svg 14 March 1800
– 20 August 1823
(23 years, 159 days)
Jacques-Louis David 018.jpg Pius VII
Papa PIUS Septimus
Count Barnaba Niccolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti, O.S.B. Cesena, Papal States 57 / 81 Member of the Order of Saint Benedict. Present at Napoleon’scoronation as Emperor of the French. Temporarily expelled from the Papal States by the French between 1809 and 1814.
252C o a Leone XII.svg 28 September 1823
– 10 February 1829
(5 years, 135 days)
Pope Leo XII.PNG Leo XII
Papa LEO Duodecimus
Count Annibale Francesco Clemente Melchiore Girolamo Nicola Sermattei della Genga Genga or Spoleto, Papal States 63 / 68 Placed the Catholic educational system under the control of the Jesuits through Quod divina sapientia, 1824.
253C o a Pio VIII.svg 31 March 1829
– 30 November 1830
(1 year, 244 days)
Pope Pius VIII.PNG Pius VIII
Papa PIUS Octavus
Francesco Saverio Castiglioni Cingoli, Marche, Papal States 67 / 69 Accepted Louis Philippe I as King of the French.
254C o a Gregorio XVI.svg 2 February 1831
– 1 June 1846
(15 years, 119 days)
Gregory XVI.jpg Gregory XVI
Papa GREGORIUS Sextus Decimus
Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari, O.S.B. Cam. Belluno, Republic of Venice 65 / 80 Member of the Camaldolese Order. The last non-bishop to be elected
255C o a Pio IX.svg 16 June 1846
– 7 February 1878
(31 years, 236 days)
Popepiusix.jpg Bd. Pius IX
Papa PIUS Nonus
Count Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti,O.F.S. Senigallia, Marche, Papal States 54 / 85 Opened First Vatican Council; lost the Papal States to Italy. Longest serving pope in history (see note on St Peter.)
256C o a Leone XIII.svg 20 February 1878
– 20 July 1903
(25 years, 150 days)
Leo XIII.jpg Leo XIII
Papa LEO Tertius Decimus
Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci,O.F.S. Carpineto Romano,Lazio, Papal States. 67 / 93 Issued the encyclical on social teaching, Rerum Novarum (On Capital and Labor) and supported Christian democracy as against communism; the fourth-longest reigning pope after Pius IXSt Peterand John Paul II.

20th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Latin (English)
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
257Pius X COA.svg 4 August 1903
– 20 August 1914
(11 years, 16 days)
PiusX, Bain.jpg St Pius X
Papa PIUS Decimus
Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto Riese, Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire 68 / 79 Encouraged and expanded reception of Holy Communion, and combatted Modernistic theology. Most recent pope to be canonized.
258CoA Benedetto XV.svg 3 September 1914
– 22 January 1922
(7 years, 141 days)
Benedictus XV.jpg Benedict XV
Papa BENEDICTUS Quintus Decimus
Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa Genoa, Kingdom of Sardinia 59 / 67 Credited for intervening for peace during World War I. Remembered by Pope Benedict XVI as “prophet of peace”.
259C o a Pio XI.svg 6 February 1922
– 10 February 1939
(17 years, 4 days)
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-01279, Papst Pius XI..jpg Pius XI
Papa PIUS Undecimus
Achille Ambrogio Damiano Ratti Desio, Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire 64 / 81 Signed the Lateran Treaty with Italy, establishing the Vatican City as a sovereign state. Created the Pontifical Academy of Sciences.
260Pius 12 coa.svg 2 March 1939
– 9 October 1958
(19 years, 221 days)
PiusXII12.jpg VenPius XII
Papa PIUS Duodecimus
Opus Justitiae Pax
(“The work of justice [shall be] peace”)
Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli Rome, Italy 63 / 82 Invoked papal infallibility in encyclical Munificentissimus Deus.
261John 23 coa.svg 28 October 1958
– 3 June 1963
(4 years, 218 days)
Papa IOANNES Vicesimus Tertius
Obedientia et Pax
(“Obedience and peace”)
Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli Sotto il Monte, Bergamo, Italy 76 / 81 Opened Second Vatican Council; sometimes called “Good Pope John”.
262Paul 6 coa.svg 21 June 1963
– 6 August 1978
(15 years, 46 days)
PABLO VI.jpg VenPaul VI
Papa PAULUS Sextus
Cum Ipso in Monte
(“With Him on the mount”)
Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini Concesio, Brescia, Italy 65 / 80 The last pope to be crowned with the Papal Tiara. First pope to travel to the United States. Concluded Second Vatican Council.
263John paul 1 coa.svg 26 August 1978
– 28 September 1978
(0 years, 33 days)
Albino Luciani, 1969 (3).jpg Servant of God John Paul I
Albino Luciani Forno di Canale, Veneto, Italy 65 / 65 First pope to use ‘the First’ in regnal name. First pope with two names, for his two immediate predecessors.
264John paul 2 coa.svg 16 October 1978
– 2 April 2005
(26 years, 168 days)
JohannesPaul2-portrait.jpg BdJohn Paul II
Totus Tuus
(“Totally yours”)
Karol Józef Wojtyła Wadowice, Poland 58 / 84 First Polish pope, first non-Italian pope in 455 years and first pope to travel to Canada. Canonized more saints than all predecessors. Traveled extensively. Third longest known reign after Pius IX and St Peter. Beatified by Pope Benedict XVI.

21st century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Latin (English)
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
265BXVI CoA like gfx PioM.svg 19 April 2005
– 28 February 2013
(7 years, 315 days)
Benedicto XVI en Berlín, 2011.jpg Benedict XVI
Papa BENEDICTUS Sextus Decimus
Cooperatores Veritatis
(“Cooperators of the truth”)
Joseph Alois Ratzinger Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany 78 / 85 Oldest to become pope since Pope Clement XII in 1730. Elevated theTridentine Mass to a more prominent position. First pope to renounce the Papacy on his own initiative since Pope Celestine V in 1294,[12]retaining regnal name with title of pope emeritus.[13]
266Insigne Francisci.svg 13 March 2013
– present
(0 years, 20 days)
Pope Francis in March 2013 (cropped).jpg Francis
Miserando atque Eligendo
(“by having mercy, by choosing him”)[14]
Jorge Mario Bergoglio, S.J. Buenos Aires, Argentina 76 / – First pope born outside Europe since St. Gregory III and first from the Americas. First Pope from the Southern Hemisphere. First Jesuitpope. First to use a new and non-composed regnal name sinceLando (913–914).


The Myth the Economy is Recovering

The Dow hit a new record high yesterday, topping 14,264. The previous record was 14,198.10, set in October 2007, when investors were squarely focused on the Federal Reserve (Fed). The Fed had cut rates for the first time in four years and bought over $40 billion a month of toxic debt from banks because the housing implosion was hitting consumers and the broader economy. In 2009 through quantitative easing (QE) measures with the investment banking institutions the Fed’s actions have juiced stocks in the attempt to create an illusion of growth in the economy to create a so-called ‘wealth effect’ through higher stock market prices,  even though capital formation after the 2008 financial crisis remains slow-going.
3-6-2013 1-49-47 AM

When the Dow last reached 14,000 in October of 2007, gold was around $700 an ounce. Today – 2013, with the Dow  hovering over 14,000, Gold is around $1600 an ounce. If one invested  $1000 in the Dow in 2007, in 2013 they would only have $985  saved in their portfolio with dividends reinvested.  However if they invested a $1000 in Gold in 2007,  by 2013 they  would have $2,290 in their portfolio.  Because of inflation and weakness in the U.S. Dollar due to increasing levels of  government spending and rising sovereign debt, the Dow would have to be over well over 20,000 in order for it to be equivalent, in terms of real money – gold,  to what is was worth prior to the 2008 financial meltdown.
Federal Reserve HoroscopeToday, the Fed is directly injecting $85 billion (buying toxic mortgage backed securities and longer-term Treasuries per month) into the spending stream without relying on lower interest rates and the financial system, whose projected balance sheets will reach nearly $5 trillion in toxic assets by 2014! What is clear is that the stock market is no longer a leading indicator for the U.S. economy but now just another manipulated marketing instrument for the Fed. By the Fed continuing to push the stock market to new high’s while capital formation in the real economy continues to stagnate while unemployment  remains high (16%), and  as personal incomes continuing to decline (at a 20 year low) the purchasing power of the U.S. Dollar will quickly erode.  The financial repression created by the Fed’s post 2008 policies will likely lead to an implosion of the expanding “Debt Bubble”, that in the end will result in full-blown monetary crisis with catastrophic consequences for the United States and the world.
FED Blackbox ForecastThe next Uranus-Pluto square alignments will occur on April 20th and on November 1st, and will be hitting the heliocentric North Node of Jupiter – the planet of economic expansion and wealth. Therefore we can expect a continued intensification and acceleration of economic instability, political breakdown among the G20 nations  resulting in full-blown currency wars,  and social and political breakdown particularly in the U.K. and the European Union, due to a weakening economic environment of bankruptcy, monetary debasement, high unemployment followed by large scale demonstrations, nationwide strikes and riots in major cities. In the United States we can expect   increasing polarization and political partisanship, austerity, and rampant inflation with the Federal Government in taking measures against its own citizenry.

UrPL GraphPrediction:

 The U.S. monetary crisis will ultimately lead to radical reconfiguration of the monetary system and global power structure with the emergence of an International Reserve Currency that will be traded among nation and will be convertible into gold and a basket of other commodities to restore global economic stability that would be consistent with the accelerating trend of globalization.

2013: Year of the Water Snake

Year of the Snake 2013
Author and astrologer Donna Stellhorn, offered Chinese horoscope predictions for 2013 – the Year of the Snake last night (02/08/2013) on Coast-to-Coast AM – the largest radio show of its kind in the world. In addition to the 12 animals of the Chinese Zodiac, each year is also represented by one of four elements. This year the element is water, which when combined with the snake’s fiery energy yields conflict, Stellhorn explained. In the past snake years have had a lot of disasters, she revealed, citing the World Trade Center attack in 2001, the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, the U.S. entering World War II in 1941, and the stock market crash of 1929. Snake years are marked by major transformation and change — and sometimes great upheaval.

To give you an idea of the magnitude of change and upheaval possible, a listing of previous Snake years with major historical events for the past 144 years are as follows:

2001: 9-11 Attack – U.S. War with Afghanistan
1989: Tiananmen Square & Fall of the Berlin Wall – Collapse of the Soviet Empire in Europe
1977: Second Cold War with the Soviet Union Begins
1965: Vietnam War – Counter Culture Revolution
1953: Korean War
1941: Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor – Word War II U.S.A.
1929: Stock Market Crash that heralded the Great Depression
1917: Russian Revolution Begins – Heralds the creation of the U.S.S.R.
1905: Russo-Japanese War – Battle of Tsushima
1893: The Depression of 1893
1881: Assassination of President James Garfield
1869: The 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution – Black Males given the right to vote

According to Stellhorn, the principle of Chinese Astrology is to identify what one can expect in a given year and then alter the environment using the principles of Feng Shui to increase luck. Simply by moving objects around, the subconscious reacts and we can see things differently and avoid danger, she said.

UrPL Graph

The convergence of the Chinese Year of the Water Snake combined with the Uranus-Pluto Waxing Square (Jun 24 2012 – Mar 16, 2015) and the Mayan k’atun 8-Ahau that began on December 21st, 2012 – the Mayan 5th Age of the Sun, we can expect at least one or more of the following events to unfold:

  • U.S. Constitutional Crisis
  • “Occupy All Street” Global Protest
  • The Breakdown of 2-Party System of Government
  • Social Revolution in Europe
  • Social Revolution in the United States
  • Political Revolution in China
  • Government Disclosure of the Extraterrestrial Presence
  • Emergence of Peak Oil Crisis
  • Euro Zone Collapse
  • Derivative Market Meltdown
  • Third Industrial Revolution: Nanotechnology, Artificial Intelligence, Fusion Power, Solar Energy, Wireless Power, 3-D Printing, and Robotics
  • The Emergence of “Peak Oil”
  • New International “Reserve Currency to Replace the Dollar
  • Sovereign Debt Implosion
  • Bee Colony Collapse Disorder
  • Iran Detonates First Nuclear Bomb
  • Regional War in the Middle East
  • Military Crisis the Korean Peninsula
  • Japan Military Crisis with China
  • 2nd Woman’s Liberation Movement in Asia and the Middle East
  • 2nd Psychedelic Revolution – DMT & Holotropic Breath-work
  • A “Middle Class” tax revolt?
  • Collapse of the “Permanent Political Class”
  • Escalation of Radiological Contamination from Fukushima Reactor 4
  • Martial Law Imposed on U.S. Cities
  • Drone Strikes on Civilians within the United States
  • Income Tax Reform
  • U.S. Immigration Reform
  • Bond Market Collapse in the United Kingdom
  • Collapse of the Japanese economy & Yen
  • U.S. Dollar Implosion
  • Crisis in the Obama Presidency
  • China surpasses the United States as the World’s Next Industrial Superpower